基于k8s的nginx双VIP高可用集群

互联网 2021/9/9 7:05:14

规划 IpRole192.168.153.110VIP1192.168.153.111VIP2192.168.153.123LB192.168.153.124LB192.168.153.125master192.168.153.126node1192.168.153.127node2192.168.153.128node3192.168.153.129node4、NFS192.168.153.135client 规划图 k8s集群搭建 ansible配置 vim /etc…

规划

IpRole
192.168.153.110VIP1
192.168.153.111VIP2
192.168.153.123LB
192.168.153.124LB
192.168.153.125master
192.168.153.126node1
192.168.153.127node2
192.168.153.128node3
192.168.153.129node4、NFS
192.168.153.135client

规划图
请添加图片描述

k8s集群搭建

ansible配置

vim /etc/ansible/hosts

[k8s]
192.168.153.126
192.168.153.127
192.168.153.125
192.168.153.128
192.168.153.129

[master]
192.168.153.125

[node]
192.168.153.126
192.168.153.127
192.168.153.128
192.168.153.129

配置免密

master节点上执行

ssh-keygen
ssh-copy-id -i ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub root@192.168.153.125
ssh-copy-id -i ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub root@192.168.153.126
ssh-copy-id -i ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub root@192.168.153.127
ssh-copy-id -i ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub root@192.168.153.128
ssh-copy-id -i ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub root@192.168.153.129

修改主机名

在master和node节点上修改主机名,主机名需唯一
vim /etc/hostnmae

master

vim hosts.sh

cat >> /etc/hosts <<EOF
192.168.153.125 master
192.168.153.126 node1
192.168.153.127 node2
192.168.153.128 node3
192.168.153.129 node4
EOF

允许 iptables 检查桥接流量

编写如下脚本
vim bri-change.sh

# 加载br_netfilter 模块
modprobe br_netfilter

cat <<EOF | sudo tee /etc/modules-load.d/k8s.conf
br_netfilter
EOF

cat <<EOF | sudo tee /etc/sysctl.d/k8s.conf
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 1
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 1
EOF
sudo sysctl --system

ansible k8s -m script -a './bri-change.sh'

检查修改效果

ansible k8s -m shell -a 'cat /etc/sysctl.d/k8s.conf'

192.168.153.128 | CHANGED | rc=0 >>
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 1
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 1
192.168.153.126 | CHANGED | rc=0 >>
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 1
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 1
192.168.153.129 | CHANGED | rc=0 >>
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 1
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 1
192.168.153.125 | CHANGED | rc=0 >>
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 1
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 1
192.168.153.127 | CHANGED | rc=0 >>
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 1
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 1

安装docker

安装必要的一些系统工具

yum install -y yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data lvm2

下载国内的源

yum-config-manager   --add-repo    https://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo

安装docker

yum install -y docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io

启动docker

systemctl start docker

配置docker

 cat >> /etc/docker/daemon.json <<EOF
{
registry-mirrors":[
'https://registry.docker-cn.com.
"http://hub-mirror.c.163.com*,
"https://docker.mirrors.ustc.edu.cn"
]
}
EOF

安装 kubeadm、kubelet 和 kubectl

ansible k8s -m script -a './k8s-repo.sh'

cat <<EOF | sudo tee /etc/yum.repos.d/kubernetes.repo
[kubernetes]
name=Kubernetes Repo
baseurl=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/repos/kubernetes-el7-x86_64/
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/doc/rpm-package-key.gpg
enable=1
EOF

# 将 SELinux 设置为 permissive 模式(相当于将其禁用)
sudo setenforce 0
sudo sed -i 's/^SELINUX=enforcing$/SELINUX=permissive/' /etc/selinux/config

sudo yum install -y kubelet-1.18.0 kubeadm-1.18.0 kubectl-1.18.0

sudo systemctl enable 

初始化Master

初始化

 kubeadm init \
--apiserver-advertise-address=192.168.153.125 \
--image-repository registry.aliyuncs.com/google_containers \
--kubernetes-version v1.18.0 \
--service-cidr=10.1.0.0/16\
--pod-network-cidr=10.244.0.0/16

apiserver-advertise-address修改为本机地址

开始集群

mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
  sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
  sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

保留节点加入的命令

kubeadm join 192.168.153.125:6443 --token z8weg1.pz9jz431d9gfndmu \
    --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:b7ba775a440aa595a1c5e3691291d8e2325d535c7397681cbc436e850ea94974 

部署CNI网络

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/coreos/flannel/master/Documentation/kube-flannel.yml
sed -i -r "s#quay.io/coreos/flannel:.*-amd64#lizhenliang/flannel:v0.12.0-amd64#g" kube-flannel.yml
kubectl apply -f kube-flannel.yml

稍微等待pod起来

查看node状态

 kubectl get node
NAME     STATUS   ROLES    AGE   VERSION
master   Ready    master   34m   v1.18.0

接入节点

使用上面保存节点加入的命令,在各node节点上执行

kubeadm join 192.168.153.125:6443 --token z8weg1.pz9jz431d9gfndmu \
    --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:b7ba775a440aa595a1c5e3691291d8e2325d535c7397681cbc436e850ea94974

在master上查看node接入情况

kubectl get node
NAME     STATUS   ROLES    AGE   VERSION
master   Ready    master   42m   v1.18.0
node1    Ready    <none>   68s   v1.18.0
node2    Ready    <none>   66s   v1.18.0
node3    Ready    <none>   64s   v1.18.0
node4    Ready    <none>   62s   v1.18.0

NFS服务器搭建

安装 nfs 服务器所需的软件包

yum install -y rpcbind nfs-utils

创建 exports 文件

/nfs_data/ *(insecure,rw,sync,no_root_squash)

启动 nfs 服务

mkdir /nfs_data

systemctl enable rpcbind
systemctl enable nfs-server

systemctl start rpcbind
systemctl start nfs-server
exportfs -r

检查配置是否生效

exportfs

# exportfs
/nfs_data    <world>

客户端测试NFS

在k8s集群的所有nfs客户端节点都需执行此命令

yum install -y nfs-utils

检查nfs服务器端是否共享

 showmount -e 192.168.153.129
Export list for 192.168.153.129:
/nfs_data *

挂载

mkdir /mnt/nfsmount
mount -t nfs 192.168.153.129:/nfs_data /mnt/nfsmount

测试是否挂载成功

客户端

echo "hello nfs server" > /mnt/nfsmount/test.txt

nfs服务端查看

cat /nfs_data/test.txt 
hello nfs server

部署nginx服务

方式:helm

使用nodeport暴露服务,将nginx数据挂载到nfs服务器上

安装helm

wget https://get.helm.sh/helm-v3.3.1-linux-amd64.tar.gz 
tar -zxvf helm-v3.3.1-linux-amd64.tar.gz       
mv linux-amd64/helm /usr/local/bin/

查看helm版本

helm version
version.BuildInfo{Version:"v3.3.1", GitCommit:"249e5215cde0c3fa72e27eb7a30e8d55c9696144", GitTreeState:"clean", GoVersion:"go1.14.7"}

helm chart结构

tree
.
├── Chart.yaml
├── README.md
├── templates
│   ├── configmap1.yaml
│   ├── configmap2.yaml
│   ├── deployment.yaml
│   ├── _helpers.tpl
│   ├── NOTES.txt
│   ├── pvc.yaml
│   ├── pv.yaml
│   └── service.yaml
└── values.yaml

helm chart内容

Chart

apiVersion: v2
name: nginx
description: A Helm chart for Kubernetes

# A chart can be either an 'application' or a 'library' chart.
#
# Application charts are a collection of templates that can be packaged into versioned archives
# to be deployed.
#
# Library charts provide useful utilities or functions for the chart developer. They're included as
# a dependency of application charts to inject those utilities and functions into the rendering
# pipeline. Library charts do not define any templates and therefore cannot be deployed.
type: application

# This is the chart version. This version number should be incremented each time you make changes
# to the chart and its templates, including the app version.
# Versions are expected to follow Semantic Versioning (https://semver.org/)
version: 0.1.0

# This is the version number of the application being deployed. This version number should be
# incremented each time you make changes to the application. Versions are not expected to
# follow Semantic Versioning. They should reflect the version the application is using.
appVersion: latest

deployment.yaml

kind: Deployment
apiVersion: apps/v1
metadata:
  name: {{ .Release.Name}}
  namespace: {{ .Release.Namespace }}
  labels:
    {{- include "nginx.labels" . | nindent 4 }}
    dce.daocloud.io/component: {{ include "nginx.fullname" . }}
    dce.daocloud.io/app: {{ include "nginx.fullname" . }} 
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
        {{- include "nginx.selectorLabels" . | nindent 6 }}
  template:
    metadata:
      name: {{ .Release.Name  }}
      labels: 
        {{- include "nginx.selectorLabels" . | nindent 8 }}
    spec:
      volumes:
        - name: {{ .Values.configmap1.name }}
          configMap:
            name: {{ .Values.configmap1.name }}
            defaultMode: 420
        - name: {{ .Values.configmap2.name }}
          configMap:
            name: {{ .Values.configmap2.name}}
            items:
              - key: nginx.conf
                path: nginx.conf
            defaultMode: 420
        - name: {{ .Values.nfs.name }}
          persistentVolumeClaim:
            claimName: {{ .Release.Name }}-pvc

      containers:
        - name: {{ .Release.Name }}
          image: "{{ .Values.image.repository }}:{{ .Chart.AppVersion }}"
          imagePullPolicy: {{ .Values.image.pullPolicy }}
          volumeMounts:
            - name: {{ .Values.configmap1.name }}
              mountPath: {{ .Values.volumemount.configmap1.path }} 
            - name: {{ .Values.configmap2.name }}
              mountPath: {{ .Values.volumemount.configmap2.path }}
              subPath: {{ .Values.volumemount.configmap2.subPath }}
            - name: {{ .Values.nfs.name }}
              mountPath: {{ .Values.nfs.mountpath}}

          resources: 
              {{- toYaml .Values.resources | nindent 12 }}
      {{- with .Values.affinity }}
      affinity:
        {{- toYaml . | nindent 8 }} 
      {{- end }}
      {{- with .Values.tolerations }}
      tolerations:
        {{- toYaml . | nindent 8 }}
      {{- end }}

value.yaml

# Default values for nginx.
# This is a YAML-formatted file.
# Declare variables to be passed into your templates.

image:
  repository: nginx
  pullPolicy: IfNotPresent
  # Overrides the image tag whose default is the chart version.

imagePullSecrets: []
nameOverride: ""
fullnameOverride: ""

service:
  type: NodePort

resources:  
   #We usually recommend not to specify default resources and to leave this as a conscious
  # choice for the user. This also increases chances charts run on environments with little
  # resources, such as Minikube. If you do want to specify resources, uncomment the following
  # lines, adjust them as necessary, and remove the curly braces after 'resources:'.
   limits:
     cpu: 100m
     memory: 128Mi
   requests:
     cpu: 100m
     memory: 128Mi


tolerations: []

affinity: {}


# pv和pvc容量
storage: 10Gi
# pv访问模式
accessModes: ReadWriteOnce


nfs:
  name: nginx-data
  #
  version: 4.1
  # 挂载到容器上的路径
  mountpath: /usr/share/nginx/html
  # nfs服务器上已存在的路径
  path: /nfs_data
  # nfs服务器地址
  server: 192.168.153.129
  pv:
    # 回收策略
    persistentVolumeReclaimPolicy: Retain

configmap1:
  # conf.d的volume名字(由小写字母数字及字符'-'组成)
  name: nginx-conf-d

configmap2:
  # nginx.conf的volume名字(由小写字母数字及字符'-'组成)
  name: nginx-conf
  # nginx.conf的volume路径
  path: /etc/nginx/nginx.conf 

volumemount:
  # conf.d的volume挂载路径
  configmap1: 
    path: /etc/nginx/conf.d
  # nginx.conf的volume挂载路径
  configmap2:
    path: /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
    subPath: nginx.conf

service.yaml

apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: {{ .Release.Name  }}
  labels:
    {{- include "nginx.labels" . | nindent 4 }}
    dce.daocloud.io/component: {{ include "nginx.fullname" . }}
    dce.daocloud.io/app: {{ include "nginx.fullname" . }}
spec:
  ports:
    - port: 80
      targetPort: 80
      protocol: TCP
      name: http
  selector:
    {{- include "nginx.selectorLabels" . | nindent 4 }}

  type: NodePort

configmap1

apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: {{ .Release.Name  }}
  labels:
    {{- include "nginx.labels" . | nindent 4 }}
    dce.daocloud.io/component: {{ include "nginx.fullname" . }}
    dce.daocloud.io/app: {{ include "nginx.fullname" . }}
spec:
  ports:
    - port: 80
      targetPort: 80
      protocol: TCP
      name: http
  selector:
    {{- include "nginx.selectorLabels" . | nindent 4 }}

  type: NodePort
[root@master nginx]# cat templates/configmap1.yaml 
kind: ConfigMap
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: {{ .Values.configmap1.name }}
data:
  conf.d: |
    server {
         listen       80;
         server_name  localhost;
 
         charset utf-8;
         #access_log  /var/log/nginx/log/host.access.log  main;
 
         location / {
             root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
             index  index.html index.htm;
         }
 
         #error_page  404              /404.html;
 
         # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
         #
         error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
         location = /50x.html {
             root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
         }
     } 

configmap2

kind: ConfigMap
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: {{ .Values.configmap2.name }}
data:
 nginx.conf: |
    user nginx;
    worker_processes auto;
    error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log;
    pid /run/nginx.pid;

    # Load dynamic modules. See /usr/share/doc/nginx/README.dynamic.
    include /usr/share/nginx/modules/*.conf;

    events {
        worker_connections 1024;
    }

    http {
        log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                          '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                         '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

        access_log  /var/log/nginx/access.log  main;

        sendfile            on;
       # tcp_nopush          on;
       # tcp_nodelay         on;
        keepalive_timeout   65;
        types_hash_max_size 4096;

        include             /etc/nginx/mime.types;
        default_type        application/octet-stream;

        # Load modular configuration files from the /etc/nginx/conf.d directory.
        # See http://nginx.org/en/docs/ngx_core_module.html#include
        # for more information.
        include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;

        server {
            listen       80;
            listen       [::]:80;
            server_name  _;
            location / {
              root         /usr/share/nginx/html;
              index index.html index.htm;
              }
            # Load configuration files for the default server block.
            include /etc/nginx/default.d/*.conf;

            error_page 404 /404.html;
            location = /favicon.ico{
              log_not_found off;
            }
            location = /404.html {
            }

            error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
            location = /50x.html {
            }
           }
           include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;
       } 

pv

apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolume
metadata:
  name: {{ .Values.nfs.name }}-pv
spec:
  capacity:
    storage: {{ .Values.storage }}
  accessModes:
    - {{ .Values.accessModes }}
  storageClassName: nfs
  persistentVolumeReclaimPolicy: {{ .Values.nfs.pv.persistentVolumeReclaimPolicy }}
  mountOptions:
    - hard
    - nfsvers= {{- .Values.nfs.version}}
  nfs:
    path: {{ .Values.nfs.path}}
    server: {{ .Values.nfs.server }}

pvc

apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
metadata:
  name: {{ .Release.Name }}-pvc
spec:
  accessModes:
    - {{ .Values.accessModes }}
  storageClassName: nfs
  volumeMode: Filesystem
  resources:
    requests:
      storage: {{ .Values.storage }}
  volumeName: {{  .Values.nfs.name }}-pv

安装nginx

helm install nginx .

查看启动结果

kubectl get po -owide
NAME                     READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE   IP           NODE    NOMINATED NODE   READINESS GATES
nginx-6848cfd5b8-gdttn   1/1     Running   0          12h   10.244.2.4   node2   <none>           <none>
nginx-6848cfd5b8-mmj2s   1/1     Running   0          12h   10.244.1.5   node1   <none>           <none>
 kubectl get svc
NAME         TYPE        CLUSTER-IP     EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)        AGE
kubernetes   ClusterIP   10.1.0.1       <none>        443/TCP        37h
nginx        NodePort    10.1.147.111   <none>        80:31982/TCP   12h

访问

在这里插入图片描述

反向代理

keepalived实现双vip

部署keepalived

安装keepalived

在负载均衡器上安装keepalived

 yum install keepalived -y

查看版本

keepalived --version
Keepalived v1.3.5 (03/19,2017), git commit v1.3.5-6-g6fa32f2

配置keepalived的参数

LB1

! Configuration File for keepalived

global_defs {
   notification_email {
     acassen@firewall.loc
     failover@firewall.loc
     sysadmin@firewall.loc
   }
   notification_email_from Alexandre.Cassen@firewall.loc
   smtp_server 192.168.200.1
   smtp_connect_timeout 30
   router_id LVS_DEVEL
   vrrp_skip_check_adv_addr
  # vrrp_strict
   vrrp_garp_interval 0
   vrrp_gna_interval 0
}

vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state MASTER
    interface ens192
    virtual_router_id 51
    priority 100
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        192.168.153.110
    }
}

vrrp_instance VI_2 {
    state BACKUP
    interface ens192
    virtual_router_id 52
    priority 50
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        192.168.153.111
    }
}

LB2

! Configuration File for keepalived

global_defs {
   notification_email {
     acassen@firewall.loc
     failover@firewall.loc
     sysadmin@firewall.loc
   }
   notification_email_from Alexandre.Cassen@firewall.loc
   smtp_server 192.168.200.1
   smtp_connect_timeout 30
   router_id LVS_DEVEL
   vrrp_skip_check_adv_addr
  # vrrp_strict
   vrrp_garp_interval 0
   vrrp_gna_interval 0
}

vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state BACKUP
    interface ens192
    virtual_router_id 51
    priority 50
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        192.168.153.110
    }
}

vrrp_instance VI_2 {
    state MASTER
    interface ens192
    virtual_router_id 52
    priority 100
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        192.168.153.111
    }
}         

开启keepalived

[root@localhost ~]systemctl start keepalived
[root@localhost ~]# systemctl status keepalived
● keepalived.service - LVS and VRRP High Availability Monitor
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/keepalived.service; disabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: active (running) since Wed 2021-09-08 20:15:14 HKT; 1s ago
  Process: 9234 ExecStart=/usr/sbin/keepalived $KEEPALIVED_OPTIONS (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
 Main PID: 9235 (keepalived)
   CGroup: /system.slice/keepalived.service
           ├─9235 /usr/sbin/keepalived -D
           ├─9236 /usr/sbin/keepalived -D
           └─9237 /usr/sbin/keepalived -D

Sep 08 20:15:14 localhost.localdomain Keepalived_vrrp[9237]: WARNING - default user 'keepalived_script' for script execution does not exist - please create.
Sep 08 20:15:14 localhost.localdomain Keepalived_vrrp[9237]: Unable to access script `/etc/keepalived/nginx_check.sh`
Sep 08 20:15:14 localhost.localdomain Keepalived_vrrp[9237]: Disabling track script chk_nginx since not found
Sep 08 20:15:14 localhost.localdomain Keepalived_vrrp[9237]: VRRP_Instance(VI_1) removing protocol VIPs.
Sep 08 20:15:14 localhost.localdomain Keepalived_vrrp[9237]: VRRP_Instance(VI_2) removing protocol VIPs.
Sep 08 20:15:14 localhost.localdomain Keepalived_vrrp[9237]: Using LinkWatch kernel netlink reflector...
Sep 08 20:15:14 localhost.localdomain Keepalived_vrrp[9237]: VRRP_Instance(VI_1) Entering BACKUP STATE
Sep 08 20:15:14 localhost.localdomain Keepalived_vrrp[9237]: VRRP sockpool: [ifindex(2), proto(112), unicast(0), fd(10,11)]
Sep 08 20:15:14 localhost.localdomain Keepalived_healthcheckers[9236]: Opening file '/etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf'.
Sep 08 20:15:15 localhost.localdomain Keepalived_vrrp[9237]: VRRP_Instance(VI_2) Transition to MASTER STATE

查看两个LB服务器的ip

LB1

ip a
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default qlen 1000
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: ens192: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc mq state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 00:50:56:a8:b0:b5 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.153.123/24 brd 192.168.153.255 scope global noprefixroute ens192
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet 192.168.153.110/32 scope global ens192
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 fe80::250:56ff:fea8:b0b5/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

LB2

ip a
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default qlen 1000
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: ens192: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc mq state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 00:50:56:a8:42:11 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.153.124/24 brd 192.168.153.255 scope global noprefixroute ens192
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet 192.168.153.111/32 scope global ens192
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 fe80::250:56ff:fea8:4211/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

发现VIP成功飘在LB上

部署nginx

安装nginx

nginx编译安装脚本

此处注意需要加载stream模块

安装之后查看nginx版本

nginx -v
nginx version: nginx/1.19.9

修改nginx配置

    upstream myweb{
          least_conn;
          server 192.168.153.125:30710;
          server 192.168.153.126:30710;
          server 192.168.153.127:30710;
          server 192.168.153.128:30710;
          server 192.168.153.129:30710;
         }


    server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  localhost;

        #charset koi8-r;

        #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;

        location / {
            proxy_pass http://myweb;
            root   html;
            index  index.html index.htm;
        }

添加upstream配置

添加完之后,在location处加代理
proxy_pass http://myweb;

修改完之后刷新nginx配置

nginx -s reload

编写检测nginx存活脚本

用于keepalived定时检测nginx的服务状态,如果nginx停止了,会尝试重新启动nginx,如果启动失败,会将keepalived进程杀死,将vip漂移到备份机器上

vim nginx-check.sh
#!/bin/sh
A=`ps -C nginx --no-header |wc -l`
if [ $A -eq 0 ]
then
  /usr/sbin/nginx
  sleep 1
  A2=`ps -C nginx --no-header |wc -l`
  if [ $A2 -eq 0 ]
  then
    systemctl stop keepalived
  fi
fi

迁移到指定目录下

cp nginx-check.sh /etc/keepalived/

Client访问vip的80端口

# curl 192.168.153.110:80
hello world
# curl 192.168.153.111:80
hello world

模拟LB1宕机

LB1关闭keepalived

systemctl stop keepalived

查看LB2的ip

ip a
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default qlen 1000
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: ens192: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc mq state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 00:50:56:a8:42:11 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.153.124/24 brd 192.168.153.255 scope global noprefixroute ens192
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet 192.168.153.111/32 scope global ens192
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet 192.168.153.110/32 scope global ens192
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 fe80::250:56ff:fea8:4211/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

发现VIP1成功漂移到LB2上

排错

k8s的repo有问题

issue:k8s的repo有问题

failure: repodata/repomd.xml from kubernetes: [Errno 256] No more mirrors to try.
https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/kubernetes/yum/repos/kubernetes-el7-/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] HTTPS Error 404 - Not Found
Public key for db7cb5cb0b3f6875f54d10f02e625573988e3e91fd4fc5eef0b1876bb18604ad-kubernetes-cni-0.8.7-0.x86_64.rpm is not installed

fix:换源

cat <<EOF | sudo tee /etc/yum.repos.d/kubernetes.repo
[kubernetes]
name=Kubernetes Repo
baseurl=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/repos/kubernetes-el7-x86_64/
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/doc/rpm-package-key.gpg
enable=1
EOF

镜像拉取失败

issue:镜像拉取失败

  [ERROR ImagePull]: failed to pull image registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/coredns:v1.8.4: output: Error response from daemon: manifest for registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/coredns:v1.8.4 not found: manifest unknown: manifest unknown

fix:拉取其他源的镜像,打tag成指定需要的镜像

docker pull coredns/coredns:1.8.4
docker tag 8d147537fb7d registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/coredns:v1.8.4
docker images
REPOSITORY                                                                    TAG       IMAGE ID       CREATED        SIZE
registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-apiserver            v1.22.0   838d692cbe28   3 weeks ago    128MB
registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-controller-manager   v1.22.0   5344f96781f4   3 weeks ago    122MB
registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-scheduler            v1.22.0   3db3d153007f   3 weeks ago    52.7MB
registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-proxy                v1.22.0   bbad1636b30d   3 weeks ago    104MB
registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/etcd                      3.5.0-0   004811815584   2 months ago   295MB
coredns/coredns                                                               1.8.4     8d147537fb7d   3 months ago   47.6MB
registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/coredns                   v1.8.4    8d147537fb7d   3 months ago   47.6MB
registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/pause                     3.5       ed210e3e4a5b   5 months ago   683kB

master NotReady

issue:cni网络未准备好

kubectl get nodes
NAME     STATUS     ROLES    AGE   VERSION
master   NotReady   master   18m   v1.18.0

fix:

  • 查看pod状态
kubectl get pod -n kube-system
NAME                             READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
coredns-7ff77c879f-6l6g7         0/1     Pending   0          19m
coredns-7ff77c879f-fxjbm         0/1     Pending   0          19m
  • 查看日志
kubectl logs -n kube-system -p coredns-7ff77c879f-6l6g7 

无任何日志输出

  • 查看/var/log/messages的日志
tail  /var/log/messages
Sep  2 22:18:28 master kubelet: W0902 22:18:28.358395   54235 cni.go:237] Unable to update cni config: no networks found in /etc/cni/net.d
Sep  2 22:18:29 master kubelet: E0902 22:18:29.880901   54235 kubelet.go:2187] Container runtime network not ready: NetworkReady=false reason:NetworkPluginNotReady message:docker: network plugin is not ready: cni config uninitialized
  • 查看事件
kubectl get events -n kube-system
LAST SEEN   TYPE      REASON              OBJECT                              MESSAGE
2m31s       Warning   FailedScheduling    pod/coredns-7ff77c879f-6l6g7        0/1 nodes are available: 1 node(s) had taint {node.kubernetes.io/not-ready: }, that the pod didn't tolerate.
2m27s       Warning   FailedScheduling    pod/coredns-7ff77c879f-fxjbm        0/1 nodes are available: 1 node(s) had taint {node.kubernetes.io/not-ready: }, that the pod didn't tolerate.

fix:部署CNI网络

Pod Status ContainerCreating

kubectl get po
NAME                         READY   STATUS              RESTARTS   AGE
nginx-869c7bb664-2fb98       1/1     Running             0          5m54s
nginx-869c7bb664-qlm56       0/1     ContainerCreating   0          5m54s
  • 查看日志
kubectl logs  nginx-869c7bb664-qlm56
Error from server (BadRequest): container "nginx" in pod "nginx-869c7bb664-qlm56" is waiting to start: ContainerCreating

没有给出问题的根源

  • 查看pod详细信息
 kubectl describe po nginx-869c7bb664-qlm56
 Warning  FailedMount  2m8s  kubelet, node3     MountVolume.SetUp failed for volume "nginx-data-pv" : mount failed: exit status 32

fix:挂载的volume同名了

需修改helm内容

nfs重复挂载

mount.nfs: Stale file handle

表示挂载到nfs服务器上的目录已经被挂载过

fix:取消此目录挂载

umount -f /mnt/nfsmount

wrong fs type, bad option, bad superblock on 192.168.153.129:/mnt/nfsmount

mount: wrong fs type, bad option, bad superblock on 192.168.153.129:/mnt/nfsmount,
       missing codepage or helper program, or other error
       (for several filesystems (e.g. nfs, cifs) you might
       need a /sbin/mount.<type> helper program)

       In some cases useful info is found in syslog - try
       dmesg | tail or so.

helm install nginx的时候出现此报错

issue:node节点上未安装nfs-utils

fix:安装nfs-utils

 yum install nfs-utils -y
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